Saturday, May 25, 2013

Re Ralph Waldo Emerson

Freedom from Religion Foundation

Calendar graphicFreethought of the Day

Ralph Waldo Emerson

May 25

On this date in 1803, Ralph Waldo Emerson was born in Boston. 
 Educated at Harvard and the Cambridge Divinity School, he became
 a Unitarian minister in 1826 at the Second Church Unitarian. The
 congregation, with Christian overtones, issued communion, 
something Emerson refused to do. "Really, it is beyond my comprehension,"
 Emerson once said, when asked by a seminary professor whether he 
believed in God. (Quoted in 2,000 Years of Freethought edited by 
Jim Haught.) By 1832, after the untimely death of his first wife, 
Emerson cut loose from Unitarianism. During a year-long trip to 
Europe, Emerson became acquainted with such intelligentsia as 
British writer Thomas Carlyle, and poets Wordsworth and Coleridge.
 He returned to the United States in 1833, to a life as poet, writer and
 lecturer. Emerson inspired Transcendentalism, although never 
adopting the label himself. He rejected traditional ideas of deity in 
favor of an "Over-Soul" or "Form of Good," ideas which were 
considered highly heretical. His books include Nature (1836), The
 American Scholar (1837), Divinity School Address (1838), Essays, 2 vol.
 (1841, 1844), Nature, Addresses and Lectures (1849), and three volumes
 of poetry. Margaret Fuller became one of his "disciples," as did  
Henry David Thoreau.
The best of Emerson's rather wordy writing survives as epigrams, such 
as the famous: "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, 
 adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines." Other one- 
(and two-) liners include: "As men's prayers are a disease of the will, 
so are their creeds a disease of the intellect" (Self-Reliance, 1841). "The
most tedious of all discourses are on the subject of the Supreme Being" 
(Journal, 1836). "The word miracle, as pronounced by Christian churches, 
gives a false impression; it is a monster. It is not one with the blowing 
clover and the falling rain" (Address to Harvard Divinity College, July 15,
 1838). He demolished the rightwing hypocrites of his era in his essay
 "Worship": ". . . the louder he talked of his honor, the faster we counted 
our spoons" (Conduct of Life, 1860). "I hate this shallow Americanism which
hopes to get rich by credit, to get knowledge by raps on midnight tables, to
 learn the economy of the mind by phrenology, or skill without study, or
 mastery without apprenticeship" (Self-Reliance). "The first and last lesson 
of religion is, 'The things that are seen are temporal; the things that are not 
seen are eternal.' It puts an affront upon nature" (English Traits , 1856). 
"The god of the cannibals will be a cannibal, of the crusaders a crusader, and 
of the merchants a merchant." (Civilization, 1862). D. 1882.
“The dull pray; the geniuses are light mockers.”

—Ralph Waldo Emerson, Representative Men (1850)

No comments:

Post a Comment